Early known history

Although the only reference to 'adamas' in classic Hellenic literature appears as a list of 'fire-resistant' materials in Theophostratus 'Book of Stones' (315 BC), one of the first recorded events in Indian history is the invasion by Alexander the Great some 14 years earlier. Its aim was to complete the Macedonian conquest of the Persian Empire, which had once included part of western India.

However, this invasion provoked a spirit of resistance and unity in India, and ended a long period of decline. Under Chandragupta Maurya (c. 325 - c. 297 BC), the preceding Nanda dynasty was overthrown and the powerful new kingdom of Magadha was established. As his rule began to extend over most of northern and central India, it brought reprisals from Seleucus Nicator, Alexander's successor in the region. 

This time it was successfully resisted and a marriage alliance ensued. It was to prove a 'golden period' in Indian history, and the Mauryan culture flourished, aided to some extent by Hellenie influences. That diamonds played their full part is evident from the Arthashastra, written under the supervision of Chandragupta's chief minister and mentor, Kautilya.  

 

All historical texts above from: Een Streling Voor Het Oog, Antwerpen 1997

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